The annual accounts are prepared in compliance with the provisions of the Norwegian Accounting Act and good accounting practice, with the modifications necessitated by the unique nature of Norsk Tipping as set out in the Norwegian Gaming Act of 28 August 1992.
Norsk Tipping AS’s is subject to the provisions of the Gaming Act, which states that a publicly owned limited company shall act as a gaming company. The Ministry of Culture determines the company’s articles of association, appoints the Board and issues instructions to the Board. The Board is charged with ensuring that the company is operated in line with its objectives and guidelines. The Board is responsible for adequate organisation and management of the company, which includes ensuring that matters including registration and asset management are subject to satisfactory control. The articles of association set out the Ministry of Culture’s right to issue instructions outside the ambit of ordinary governance through the general meeting.
Norsk Tipping’s subsidiaries are of no relevance when assessing the Group’s financial position or performance. For this reason, and pursuant to section 3-8 of the Accounting Act, consolidated accounts are not prepared.
Use of estimates
The senior management team has used estimates and assumptions that have influenced the income statement and the valuation of assets and liabilities. Service life assumptions first and foremost affect valuations of fixed assets and intangible assets and the associated depreciation. Valuations have also been made of any unsecured assets and liabilities on the balance sheet date in connection with closure of the annual accounts in line with good accounting practice. The senior management team is unaware of any material uncertainty associated with the accounts and capitalised assets.
Transactions in foreign currencies are translated based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Monetary items in foreign currencies are translated to Norwegian kroner using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. The effects of changes in exchange rates are recognised in the income statement on a continuous basis under other financial items.
Operating revenue, prizes, and commissions
The term gaming revenue refers to the gross stakes risked by players. In the case of gaming terminals (Belago and Multix) and online gaming, players will normally play multiple times during a single gaming session and reuse any prizes as stakes. For accounting purposes, each individual game, involving a stake followed by a draw with possible payment of a prize, is regarded as a separate transaction regardless of the number of gaming sessions.
The recognition of gaming revenue and related prizes and commissions in the accounts does not fully correspond with the calendar year rather it is adjusted to conform to the subdivision of the year into numbered weeks. In 2020, gaming-related revenue and expenses were from 53 gaming periods/weeks. Gaming stakes and the associated anticipated prizes for multi-week games are accrued for each of the relevant gaming periods/weeks. Commissions are distributed on the same basis.
Revenue from other sales is recognised once delivery has taken place and most of the risk and return has been transferred.
The company is exempt from tax.
Classification and valuation of balance sheet items
Current assets and current liabilities include items that fall due for payment within a year of the date of acquisition, as well as items linked to goods circulation. Other items are classified as non-current assets/non-current liabilities.
Current assets are valued at the lower of acquisition cost and fair value. Current liabilities are capitalised at their nominal value on the date they are incurred.
Non-current assets are valued at acquisition cost, less depreciation, and write-downs. Non-current liabilities are capitalised at their nominal value on the date they are incurred.
Research and development
The company complies with the exemption rule set out in the provisions of section 5-6 of the Accounting Act when recognising expenses related to basic research and development. The company’s activities in this area are very limited.
Fixed assets and intangible assets
Fixed assets are capitalised and depreciated on a straight-line basis over their expected service life. Direct maintenance of fixed assets is expensed on an ongoing basis as operating expenses, while upgrades or improvements are capitalised and depreciated over the expected service life. If the fair value of an asset is less than its book value, the asset is written down to its fair value. The fairvalue is the higher of net sales value and utility value. The term ‘utility value’ is understood to mean the net present value of future cash flows that the asset is expected to generate, either directly or as a prerequisite for the company’s other cash flow items.
The company’s development activitiesinvolvingits own development of software, gaming concepts, distribution channels and systems are valued in line with Norwegian Accounting Standard 19– Intangible assets. Development activities that meet the criteriaare capitalised and depreciated over their expected service life.
Subsidiaries and associated companies are valued using the cost method in the company’s accounts. Investments are valued at the shares’ acquisition cost unless a write-down has been deemed necessary. Investments are written down to fair value when the reasons behind a fall in value cannot be assumed to be temporary in nature and good accounting practice necessitates it. Write-downs are reversed when the basis for the write-down no longer exists.
Dividends, group contributions and other disbursements from subsidiaries and affiliated companies are recognised as income in the same year they are approved by the companies’ general meetings.
Sales agent receivables, trade receivables and other receivables are recognised on the balance sheet at their nominal value less provisions for expected losses. Provisions for losses are made on the basis of individual valuations of the individual receivables. An unspecified provision is also made to cover expected losses on other trade receivables.
The company has defined benefit pension plans that are valued at the present value of their future pension benefits which, for accounting purposes, are regarded as earned on the balance sheet date. Pension assets are valued at fair value.
Changes to defined benefit pension liabilities resulting from changes to pension plans are distributed over the estimated average remaining accrual period.
The company uses the corridor method to recognise the effects of pension assumptions. The cumulative effect of changes in estimates and financial and actuarial assumptions (actuarial gains and losses) equal to less than 10 per cent of the greater of pension liabilities and pension assets at the start of the year are not included. If, at the start of the year, the cumulative effect exceeds 10 per cent, the excess amount is recognised over the estimated average remaining accrual period. Net pension expenses for the period are classified as payroll and personnel expenses.
Statement of cash flow
The cash flow statement is prepared using the indirect method. Cash and cash equivalents include cash, bank deposits and other short-term, liquid investments.
Value Added Tax
Norsk Tipping AS’s ordinary activities are exempt from value added tax pursuant to section 5(b), paragraph one no. 6, of the Value Added Tax Act. As a general rule, expenses and investments are inclusive of VAT.
Correction of equity
In the allocation of the surplus funds for 2019, a lower amount was allocated to the Bingo Operators’ surplus funds for good causes than the surplus funds calculation pursuant to the Norwegian Gaming Act dictates. The difference of NOK 10.92 million in the annual accounts presented for 2019 was corrected directly against equity in 2020. See note 13. The change had no effect on the surplus funds.
Restatement of comparative figures
The allocation of other operating expenses in note 3 has been adjusted compared with previous years. The comparative figures for 2019 have been updated accordingly.
The company’s operations are divided into gaming product categories based on the fundamental characteristics of the games in question.
Gaming revenue per product category
|Lotteries||11 243||10 564|
|Sports betting||3 575||3 797|
|Scratch games||1 071||1 051|
|Terminal games||4 060||6 824|
|Online gaming||22 644||18 030|
|Total gaming revenue||42 594||40 267|
Net gaming revenue per product category (stakes less prizes)
|Net gaming revenue||2020||2019|
|Lotteries||5 594||5 266|
|Online gaming||1 249||981|
|Total net gaming revenue||8 510||8 155|
The gaming revenue was from calendar weeks 1-53 in 2020 (30 December 2019 – 3January 2020).
The company’s activities are targeted at the Norwegian market. There are no natural geographically defined market segments.
|Salaries and fees||317||323|
|Employer’s national insurance contributions||49||51|
|Other social expenses||5||6|
|Benefits in kind||8||7|
Remuneration of executive personnel in 2020
|NOK thousands||Adm. dir.||Styret|
|Salaries and fees||2 848||1 589|
The company’s senior management team consists of six departmental directors plus the CEO. The current annual salaries of the senior management team range from NOK 1.2 million to NOK 1.8 million, with an average of NOK 1.5 million.
The Board determines the salary and other conditions of the CEO, while the Ministry of Culture set the fees for the Board.
No special pension agreements have been entered into with the CEO beyond the general terms and conditions that apply to all other employees.
In the event of involuntary dismissal, a severance payment of up to 6 months’ salary will apply unless otherwise is specifically agreed.
There are no agreements concerning special remuneration in the event of resignation or similar for other employees of Norsk Tipping AS.
The company has entered into retirement pension agreements with a total of five current and four former holders of executive positions with salaries above 12G. These guarantee 66 per cent of salary from the age of 67 and other supplementary benefits. This arrangement has now been discontinued and no similar agreements will be entered into with new employees. Also see unfunded pension plans in note 16.
The company’s funded pension plans satisfy the requirements of the Mandatory Occupational Pensions Act.
Current fee rates paid to Board:
|Board Chair||kr 260 400|
|Deputy Chair||kr 167 200|
|Board member||kr 142 500|
|Permanent first deputy member||kr 93 100|
|Audit Committee Chair||kr 58 300|
|Audit Committee member||kr 40 400|
|Remuneration Committee Chair||kr 15 600|
|Remuneration Committee member||kr 7 300|
Deputy representatives receiveNOK 7,900 for each meeting they attend.
The company has no bonus schemes for either managers or other employees.
The company had total of 435 full-time equivalents in 2020, compared with 430 in 2019.
The company offers mortgages to employees on the same terms and conditions as the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund (SPK). Employees can also apply for short-term loans of up to four times their monthly salary. See notes 8 and 11. No loans or guarantees have been provided to the CEO, Board Chair, or other close associates.
|Auditor, amounts in NOK thousands||2020||2019|
|Standard auditing services||481||379|
|Other attestation services||17||7|
|Operation of installations and equipment||424||435|
|Costs relating to the Norwegian Gaming and Foundation Authority||42||39|
|Consultancy services and fees||104||83|
|Distribution and shipping costs||44||39|
|Printed matter and office supplies||29||36|
|Sponsorship and promotion||132||111|
|ID and payment solutions||184||175|
|Total other operating expenses||1 319||1 315|
|Other financial income||0||11|
|Financial income subsidiaries and associated companies||0||0|
|Total financial income||29||86|
|Other financial expenses||0||0|
The company operates accounts in NOK, EUR, SEK, and USD. Balances in currency accounts are normally limited to the amounts required in connection with day-to-day operations. Prize transactions in games offered in cooperation with other regulated gaming companies (Vikinglotto and Eurojackpot) are conducted in EUR and mean that the company can at times hold large reserves of EUR.
In accordance with the company’s articles of association, surplus liquidity in excess of 2.5 per cent of the net gaming revenue in the preceding year is transferred each month to the company’s sight deposits with the Treasury in Norges Bank. The interest terms for these deposits follow the government’s sight deposit rate.
The company has no forward foreign exchange contracts.
|Art||Vehicles||Machinery, equipment and inventories||Land, buildings||Total|
|Acquisition cost as at 1.1.2020||1||1||1 722||485||2 210|
|Acquisition cost as at 31.12.2020||1||1||1 909||486||2 398|
|Accumulated depreciation and write-downs||-||1||1 672||336||2 010|
|Book value as at 31.12.2020||1||-||237||150||388|
|Depreciation schedule (straight-line)||None||5 years||3-6 years||10-25 years|
The company has expensed some minor leases for cars, office machinery and equipment.
|IT infrastructure||Games and game applications||Distribution channels||Agreements||Agreements|
|Acquisition cost as at 1.1.2020||291||180||330||12||813|
|Acquisition cost as at 31.12.2020||291||180||330||12||813|
|Accumulated depreciation and write-downs||266||178||326||12||781|
|Book value as at 31.12.2020||25||2||4||0||32|
|Depreciation schedule (straight-line)||5 years||3-7 years||5-7 years||3 years|
Intangible assets relate to development projects carried out under the company’s direction. The projects involve the development of new solutions or modifications of solutions purchased from external suppliers.
The total income from capitalised assets is expected to at least offset the cost of production. Expenses related to salaries and other personnel expenses for employees involved in development work are not capitalised since the company has no reliable means of measuring them.
Depreciation and write-downs
|Company||Year acquired||Business office||Ownership interest||Voting rights||Cost price of shareholding||Bokført verdi|
|Norske Spill AS||2009||Hamar||100 %||100 %||1||1|
|Buypass AS||2006/2009/2011||Oslo||50 %||50 %||32||32|
|Lotteries Entertainment Innovation Alliance AS||2018||Hamar||25 %||25 %||1||1|
|Total associated companies||34||34|
Pursuant to section 3-8, paragraph two, of the Accounting Act, the subsidiary has not been consolidated into Norsk Tipping AS’s accounts. The reason for excluding the companies from consolidation is that they are of no relevance when assessing the Group’s financial position or performance.
The annual accounts for Norske Spill AS have not been reported.
The annual accounts for Buypass have not been reported, but provisional accounts for Buypass AS show a profit of NOK 23 million and equity of NOK 183 million. No dividends were recognised as income in 2020.
The company Lotteries Entertainment Innovation Alliance AS was founded on 1 October 2018. The company was established as a joint venture in cooperation with three other publicly owned gaming companies. In 2019, the company reported a profit of NOK 55,000 and equity of NOK 6.1 million.
|Current liabilities to intragroup companies||0||0|
|Current liabilities to associated companies||18||16|
|Current receivables from intragroup companies||0||0|
|Current receivables from associated companies||0||0|
Transactions with close associates
|Purchase of goods and services||2020||2019|
|Buypass AS (associated company)||191||187|
|Lotteries Entertainment Innovation Alliance AS||8||8|
Purchases of goods and services from Buypass AS relate to ID and payment services linked to the games.
The service has been put out to tender in line with the Public Procurement Act.
|Long-term loans to employees *)||13||15|
*) The company offers mortgages to employees on the same terms and conditions as the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund (SPK).
Norsk Tipping AS settles receivables with its sales agents in arrears on a weekly basis bymeans of automatic deductions. Receivables are generally secured by means of deposits and guarantees provided by the sales agents. The draw follows the days of the week and the balance at the end of the year will vary because of this.
Other receivables include prepaid and accrued costs and other trade receivables due for payment in less than a year after the end of the accounting year.
|Personal loans/salary advances *)||6||7|
|Other current receivables||57||64|
*) Personal loans/salary advances for employees have a term to maturity of up to 4 years. Interest rate gains are taxed as such.
The company has an investment fund in line with the Gaming Act and guidelines issued by the Ministry of Culture. The investment fund is included in retained earnings in line with other equity.
|Share capital||Non-distributable equity fund||Investment fund||Other equity||Total|
|Equity as at 31.12.2019||0,15||150||9||337||496|
|Correction of equity||0||-11||-11|
|Equity as at 1.1.2020||0,15||150||9||326||485|
|Year’s change in equity:|
|Year’s transfers to surplus funds recipients||-6167||-6167|
|Net change in the accounting year||0||0|
|Equity as at 31.12.2020||0,15||150||9||326||485|
|Deposits sales agents||30||30|
|Bonus pots linked to games||104||90|
|Unpaid holiday pay||35||34|
|Liabilities linked to players’ accounts||351||303|
Residual surplus funds and distribution match the year’s distribution of surplus funds less advance payments/distribution to surplus funds recipients based on earned surplus funds for the year.
Advance payments and distribution to surplus funds recipients
|Health and rehabilitation purposes||111||104|
|The Bingo Operators’ surplus funds for good causes||17||37|
|Grassroots Share recipients||460||458|
|Government’s anniversary gift to the Norwegian Trekking Association’s (DNT)||0||0|
Residual surplus funds payable
|Year’s distribution of surplus funds||6167||5545|
Norsk Tipping AS has both funded and unfunded pension schemes. The funded pension plans are administered by SPK, see the detailed description of the arrangement below. The unfunded pension plans involve retirement pension agreements with current and former holders of executive positions with salaries above 12G, as well as two other pension agreements for former senior employees.
The company has also on occasion entered into supplementary agreements concerning pensions funded through operations with some employees who left following organisational changes.
Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund (SPK)
Description of the arrangement:
Norsk Tipping AS has a group pension scheme for its employees in the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund (SPK). The pension scheme provides benefits in line with the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund Act. The benefits cover retirement, disability, spouse, and child pensions. In addition, the calculation applies to benefits from the age of 62 under the early retirement arrangement (AFP) for public sector employees. The pension benefits are coordinated with the national insurance scheme’s benefits. The company’s premium contributions are expensed under payroll and personnel expenses as they are incurred.
Premiums are set and pension liabilities calculated based on actuarial principles as part of the SPK arrangement. The arrangement is not fund based, rather it is based on the simulated administration of pension assets (‘notional assets’) as if the 65 per cent of the assets were invested in government bonds and 35 per cent on returns corresponding to the Government Pension Fund Global. Pension payments are guaranteed by the state (section 1 of the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund Act). The pension scheme cannot be moved in the same way as a private pension scheme and this calculation assumes that the arrangement will be continued by SPK. The simulation is based on the bonds being held until maturity. The pension assets are valued at their book value.
Funded pension plans
|Beløp i mill. kr.||2020||2019|
|Present value of year’s pensionable earnings||47||46|
|Interest expense from pension liabilities||16||21|
|Return on pension assets||-23||-22|
|Employees’ pension contributions||-6||-6|
|Net pension expenses before amortisation||35||39|
|Recognised effect of estimate deviations||13||12|
|Accrued employer’s national insurance contributions1)||8||8|
|Net pension expenses funded pension schemes||55||60|
|No. of active employees included in the calculation||445||437|
1) Employer’s national insurance contributions are net defined benefit pension liabilities multiplied by the current percentage for employer’s national insurance contributions. Net actuarial gains and losses not recognised on the balance sheet
|Beløp i mill. kr.||31.12.2020||31.12.2019|
|Calculated pension liabilities||974||906|
|Employer’s national insurance contributions||55||52|
|Pension assets (at market value)||-587||-540|
|Net accrued pension liabilities||441||418|
|Unrecognised effect of estimate deviations||-321||-310|
|Net pension liabilities||120||108|
|Discount rate||1,50 %||1,80 %|
|Expected return on fund assets||2,40 %||4,20%|
|Expected return on fund assets||2,00 %||2,25 %|
|Expected G adjustment||1,75 %||2,00 %|
The financial assumptions are based on NRS(V) Pension assumptions (September 2020). Changes in the assumptions from the calculation date to the balance sheet date are deemed not to have a material effect on the accounts.
Common assumptions used within insurance have been used as actuarial assumptions for demographic factors and departures. The calculations are based on the mortality assumptions in K2013.
Unfunded pension schemes and pensions funded through operations
As mentioned in note 2, the company has unfunded pension plans, as well as agreements involving pensions funded through operations with someemployees linked to their leaving the company. The agreements concerning pensions funded through operations provide entitlement to 66 per cent of salary from the age of 67.
|Beløp i mill. kr.||Ufonderte avtaler||Driftspensjon|
|Provisions as at 01.01||58||0,9|
|New provisions/expenses in the period||2||0,5|
|Paid out in 2020||2||0,4|
|Liabilities as at 31.12||58||1,0|
Provisions/expenses in the period were charged in full to the accounts for 2019.
Total pension liabilities
|Unfunded pension plans||58||58|
|Funded pension plans||120||108|
|Pensions funded through operations||1||1|
|Total pension liabilities||179||167|
The item cash and cash equivalents includes tax withholding funds amounting to NOK 20.05 million.
Surplus liquidity is transferred only a monthly basis to the company’s sight deposits with the Treasury in Norges Bank. These are classified as bank deposits.The balance of the sight deposits with the Treasury as at 31 December 2020 was NOK 4,890 million.